History Of Bastille Day | What Is Bastille Day In France, And How Is It Celebrated

History Of Bastille DayHistory Of Bastille Day

History Of Bastille Day: Bastille Day, known as “Fête nationale” in French, is celebrated on July 14th each year in France. It marks the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille prison in Paris on July 14, 1789. This event was a pivotal moment in the French Revolution, a turning point that symbolized the uprising of the French people against the monarchy. Over the years, Bastille Day has evolved into a national holiday that celebrates the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. This article delves into the history and significance of Bastille Day, exploring its origins, key events, and cultural impact.

The Pre-Revolutionary Context

Before the French Revolution, France was ruled by an absolute monarchy known as the Ancien Régime. The social structure was hierarchical, with the clergy and nobility holding significant power and wealth, while the common people faced harsh living conditions and heavy taxation. The ideas of the Enlightenment, emphasizing reason, individual rights, and equality, had begun to spread, planting the seeds of dissent among the populace.

The Storming of the Bastille

As discontent grew among the common people, economic hardships and food shortages exacerbated the situation. On July 14, 1789, the people of Paris, in search of arms and ammunition, stormed the Bastille, a symbol of royal authority and oppression. The storming of the prison marked the beginning of the French Revolution and inspired uprisings across the country. History Of Bastille Day.

The Impact on the French Revolution

The storming of the Bastille fueled a nationwide revolution, with peasants rising up against their landlords and the urban poor demanding political representation. Feudalism was abolished, and the National Constituent Assembly declared the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, emphasizing individual liberties and equality before the law.

The Evolution of Bastille Day Celebrations

With the establishment of the French Republic, July 14th was declared a national holiday in 1880. The first Bastille Day celebration included a military parade and a feast of the Federation, symbolizing unity among the French people.

Bastille Day During the 19th and 20th Centuries

Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Bastille Day became a significant part of French national identity. It evolved from a commemoration of the revolution’s ideals to a celebration of French culture and unity.

Bastille Day Around the World

The principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity propagated by the French Revolution influenced independence movements in various countries, and today, many nations celebrate Bastille Day in solidarity with France.

Modern Bastille Day Traditions

Contemporary Bastille Day celebrations include impressive military parades, public gatherings, and festivities with fireworks and music, highlighting the rich cultural heritage of France.

Bastille Day and French Culture

On this day, French cuisine, art, music, and literature take center stage, celebrating the nation’s creativity and contributions to the world’s cultural tapestry.

Bastille Day and Liberty

In the modern context, Bastille Day serves as a reminder of the importance of safeguarding democratic values and striving for a just and equitable society.


History Of Bastille Day: Bastille Day stands as a testament to the power of collective action and the pursuit of liberty. It celebrates the triumph of the human spirit over oppression and the enduring significance of revolutionary ideals. As the French people come together every year on July 14th, they not only commemorate their history but also reaffirm their commitment to building a better and more inclusive future.

FAQs: History Of Bastille Day

  1. What is the significance of Bastille Day?

    Bastille Day commemorates the storming of the Bastille prison, a crucial event in the French Revolution that symbolized the fight for liberty and equality.

  2. How is Bastille Day celebrated in France?

    In France, Bastille Day is celebrated with military parades, public gatherings, fireworks, and various cultural events.

  3. How did Bastille Day influence other countries?

    The principles of the French Revolution, celebrated on Bastille Day, inspired independence movements and the fight against oppression in other nations.

  4. What does Bastille Day symbolize in modern society?

    In contemporary times, Bastille Day symbolizes the importance of upholding democratic values and striving for social justice.

  5. How has Bastille Day evolved over the centuries?

    From a revolutionary commemoration to a celebration of French culture, Bastille Day has transformed into a symbol of national unity and identity.