History Of Diwali | What Is Diwali, And How Is It Celebrated?

History Of DiwaliHistory Of Diwali

History Of Diwali: Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most significant festivals in India and is celebrated by millions of Hindus worldwide. This festival holds great cultural, religious, and social importance and symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. The history of Diwali dates back thousands of years, and its celebration is observed with enthusiasm and joy across various regions. In this article, we will delve into the origins of Diwali, the legend of Lord Rama, the traditional celebrations, and its significance in different cultures.

The Origins of Diwali

The history of Diwali can be traced back to ancient times and is deeply rooted in Indian mythology. It is believed that Diwali marks the return of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and his triumph over the demon king Ravana. To celebrate this joyous occasion, the people of Ayodhya illuminated the city with oil lamps, and this tradition has been carried forward through generations.

The Legend of Lord Rama

According to the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama’s wife, Sita, was abducted by Ravana, the ten-headed demon king of Lanka. With the help of Hanuman and his army of monkeys, Lord Rama waged a fierce battle against Ravana to rescue Sita. After defeating Ravana and rescuing Sita, Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya, where the citizens welcomed him by lighting oil lamps and decorating the city with vibrant colors. History Of Diwali.

The Celebrations of Diwali

Diwali is a five-day festival celebrated with various traditions and customs. The festivities begin with Dhanteras, a day dedicated to wealth and prosperity. People clean and decorate their homes, and it is considered auspicious to buy gold, silver, or utensils on this day. The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali, which commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura. On this day, people wake up before dawn and take an oil bath.

The main day of Diwali, falling on the third day, is celebrated with great fervor. People dress up in new clothes and light oil lamps (diyas) to illuminate their homes. Fireworks light up the sky, adding to the festive atmosphere. Families and friends come together to exchange gifts and sweets, and elaborate feasts are prepared.

The fourth day is Govardhan Puja, where Lord Krishna is worshipped, and a mountain of food (annakut) is offered to the deity. The final day is Bhai Dooj, celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters.

Diwali Across India

Diwali is celebrated with unique regional variations across India. In North India, the celebrations focus on the return of Lord Rama, and people light diyas and burst firecrackers. In South India, the festival commemorates Lord Krishna’s victory over Narakasura, and the day begins with an oil bath before sunrise.

In West India, Diwali is associated with the story of King Bali and Lord Vishnu’s Vamana avatar. In East India, the festival is celebrated in honor of Goddess Kali, and people engage in special prayers and rituals.

Diwali Around the World

Diwali’s significance extends beyond India’s borders, as it is celebrated by Indian communities worldwide. In Nepal, Diwali is known as Tihar and is celebrated with similar enthusiasm. In Sri Lanka, it is observed as a national holiday, and colorful Kolam designs adorn the entrances of homes.

In countries like Malaysia and Singapore, where there is a significant Indian diaspora, Diwali is a vibrant multicultural celebration. Fiji and Mauritius also witness grand Diwali festivities, reflecting their Indian heritage.

Diwali in Modern Times

As Diwali continues to be celebrated, some concerns have emerged in modern times. One such concern is the environmental impact caused by the extensive use of fireworks during the festival. Many organizations and individuals now advocate for a more eco-friendly Diwali by reducing fireworks.

Another aspect is the commercialization of the festival, with an increasing focus on consumerism. However, efforts are being made to promote the traditional and cultural aspects of Diwali rather than the materialistic ones.

The advent of technology has also led to virtual celebrations, allowing families and friends to connect and celebrate together even if they are physically distant.

The Significance of Diwali

Diwali holds immense significance in Hindu culture and beyond. It represents the victory of good over evil, light over darkness, and knowledge over ignorance. The illumination of lamps symbolizes the inner light that dispels darkness and brings forth positivity and hope.

Religiously, Diwali is celebrated in various ways across different communities, including Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhism, each adding their own cultural elements to the festival.

The Five Days of Diwali

Diwali is not just a one-day affair but a five-day celebration. Each day has its own significance and customs associated with it.

  1. Day 1: Dhanteras: The day of wealth and prosperity, people buy precious metals and utensils, and homes are cleaned and decorated.
  2. Day 2: Naraka Chaturdashi: Commemorates Lord Krishna’s victory over the demon Narakasura. People take an oil bath before sunrise.
  3. Day 3: Diwali: The main day of the festival, celebrated with lighting diyas, bursting fireworks, exchanging gifts, and enjoying feasts.
  4. Day 4: Govardhan Puja and Annakut: Worshipping Lord Krishna and offering a mountain of food to the deity.
  5. Day 5: Bhai Dooj: Celebrating the bond between brothers and sisters.

Diwali Sweet Delights

No celebration is complete without delectable treats, and Diwali is no exception. Some popular sweet delights prepared during this festival include:

  • Ladoos: Round and delicious sweet balls made from various ingredients like besan (gram flour) and coconut.
  • Gulab Jamun: Soft and spongy milk-based dumplings soaked in sugar syrup.
  • Kaju Katli: A mouthwatering cashew-based sweet, often decorated with silver varak.
  • Jalebi: A spiral-shaped sweet made from deep-fried batter and soaked in sugar syrup.
  • Barfi: A fudge-like sweet made from condensed milk and various flavors like almond, pistachio, or coconut.

Diwali Decorations and Rangoli

During Diwali, homes and public spaces are adorned with vibrant decorations. Rangoli, intricate and colorful patterns made with colored powders, rice, or flowers, are a common sight at entrances. These designs are believed to bring prosperity and good luck.

Diwali is a time of joy and celebration, and it is marked by music and dance. Popular Diwali songs and traditional folk dances are performed during the festivities, adding to the festive spirit.


History Of Diwali: Diwali, the festival of lights, is a celebration of joy, love, and the triumph of good over evil. With its rich history and cultural significance, Diwali unites people from diverse backgrounds in a spirit of togetherness. As we celebrate this auspicious festival, let us remember the values it embodies and spread the light of love and compassion to all.

FAQs: History Of Diwali

  1. When is Diwali celebrated each year?

    Diwali falls on the 15th day of the Hindu month of Kartik, which usually corresponds to October or November in the Gregorian calendar.

  2. What is the significance of lighting diyas during Diwali?

    Lighting diyas symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and the victory of good over evil.

  3. How long does the Diwali celebration last?

    Diwali is a five-day festival, with each day holding its own unique customs and rituals.

  4. What are some eco-friendly alternatives to celebrate Diwali?

    Instead of bursting firecrackers, one can opt for eco-friendly diyas, lights, and decorations. Additionally, donating to charities is a positive way to celebrate the festival.

  5. Are the five days of Diwali celebrated uniformly across India?

    The way Diwali is celebrated may vary from region to region, but the essence of the festival remains the same throughout the country.