Origin Of Diwali | What Is Diwali? The History Behind The Important Holiday

Origin Of DiwaliOrigin Of Diwali

Origin Of Diwali: Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most widely celebrated festivals in India and is observed by millions of people across the globe. The festival holds immense cultural and spiritual significance for Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, and Buddhists, each commemorating a unique historical event. The festival of Diwali, which typically falls in either October or November, spans five days of exuberant celebrations, symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil.

Historical Background and Origin of Diwali

The Legend of Lord Rama and Sita

One of the most popular legends associated with Diwali is the homecoming of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, after his 14-year exile and victory over the demon king Ravana. The people of Ayodhya welcomed him by illuminating the city with earthen lamps, rejoicing his return and symbolizing the victory of righteousness over evil.

The Story of Lord Krishna and Narakasura

Another significant tale linked to Diwali is the slaying of the demon Narakasura by Lord Krishna. It signifies the liberation of the world from the clutches of darkness and malevolence. People celebrate this triumph by lighting lamps and bursting firecrackers to symbolize the vanquishing of darkness. Origin Of Diwali.

Diwali Across Different Cultures and Religions

Although Diwali holds primary importance in Hinduism, various cultures and religions have unique perspectives on the festival. For Jains, Diwali commemorates Lord Mahavira’s attainment of nirvana. Sikhs celebrate it as the day when Guru Hargobind Ji, the sixth Guru, was freed from imprisonment. Buddhists associate Diwali with the conversion of Emperor Ashoka to Buddhism.

Significance of Diwali – The Festival of Lights

Triumph of Good Over Evil

Diwali’s overarching significance lies in its representation of the victory of good over evil. The various legends and historical events associated with the festival reinforce this theme, inspiring people to stand up against injustice and uphold righteousness.

Celebrating Inner Light and Knowledge

Diwali is not merely about external illumination but also about kindling the inner light of knowledge and wisdom. People take this time for introspection and seek spiritual enlightenment.

Diwali Celebrations and Traditions

Decorating Homes with Diyas and Rangolis

Diwali is synonymous with vibrant decorations. People adorn their homes with traditional oil lamps called diyas and create intricate rangoli designs at the entrance to welcome guests and bring prosperity.

Exchanging Gifts and Sweets

The tradition of exchanging gifts and sweets during Diwali signifies love, respect, and unity among families and friends. It strengthens bonds and fosters goodwill.

Fireworks and Crackers

Although bursting crackers has been a traditional aspect of Diwali celebrations, it’s crucial to consider the environmental impact. Many people now opt for eco-friendly alternatives to minimize pollution.

Cleaning and Renovating Homes

Before Diwali, people thoroughly clean and renovate their homes, signifying the removal of negativity and the arrival of positivity.

Diwali Preparations and Festivities


The celebrations commence with Dhanteras, marking the first day of Diwali. People buy gold, silver, and utensils to invoke prosperity and good fortune.

Naraka Chaturdashi / Choti Diwali

The second day, Naraka Chaturdashi, celebrates Lord Krishna’s victory over the demon Narakasura, reinforcing the triumph of good over evil.

Diwali – The Main Day of Celebrations

The third day is the main Diwali day when families gather, light diyas, exchange gifts, and enjoy a sumptuous feast.

Govardhan Puja and Annakut

On this day, people offer gratitude to Lord Krishna by worshiping Govardhan Hill and preparing a mountain-like offering of food, symbolizing nature’s abundance.

Bhai Dooj

The last day of Diwali, Bhai Dooj, is dedicated to the bond between brothers and sisters, celebrating love and protection.

Diwali in the Modern World

Eco-friendly Diwali Celebrations

Amid environmental concerns, people are embracing eco-friendly celebrations by opting for sustainable practices and avoiding excessive fireworks.

Diwali’s Economic Impact

Diwali is not only a time for spiritual reflection but also a significant economic event. It boosts businesses, trade, and tourism.

The Global Significance of Diwali

With Indian communities thriving worldwide, Diwali has become a global festival, fostering cultural diversity and harmony.

Diwali and Interpersonal Connections

Diwali transcends religious boundaries and strengthens familial and social ties, emphasizing the value of relationships.

Strengthening Family Bonds

Diwali brings families together, enhancing bonding through shared rituals and celebrations.

Fostering Cultural Harmony

The festival fosters mutual respect and understanding among diverse cultures, promoting cultural harmony.

The Symbolism of Diwali

Light and Darkness

The significance of light in Diwali represents the triumph of virtue over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.

The Role of Colors

The vibrant colors of rangoli and decorations signify the joys of life and the beauty of diversity.

The Spiritual Significance

Diwali holds deep spiritual connotations, encouraging people to embrace their inner light and attain spiritual growth.

Diwali: More Than a Religious Festival

Diwali in Literature and Art

Throughout history, Diwali has inspired poets, writers, and artists to create masterpieces that capture the essence of the festival.

Diwali in Bollywood and Pop Culture

Diwali has become a significant theme in Bollywood movies and pop culture, further popularizing the festival worldwide.

Diwali Around the Year

Diwali in Different Seasons

In some regions, Diwali is celebrated at different times of the year, depending on local customs and traditions.

Diwali and its Regional Variations

Different regions in India add their unique flavors to Diwali celebrations, making it diverse and colorful.

Diwali: A Time for Reflection and Renewal

Diwali encourages individuals to reflect on their actions and renew their commitment to righteousness.

The Evolution of Diwali Celebrations

Over the years, Diwali has evolved, but its essence of celebrating light and goodness remains unchanged.


Origin Of Diwali: Diwali, the festival of lights, holds a significant place in the hearts of millions worldwide. Its diverse origins, cultural significance, and spiritual symbolism make it a cherished celebration. The triumph of good over evil, the celebration of inner light, and the fostering of interpersonal connections continue to be the essence of this vibrant festival. As Diwali continues to spread its joy and positivity, it reminds us all of the need to embrace the light within ourselves and shine brightly in the world.

FAQs: Origin Of Diwali

  1. When is Diwali celebrated each year?

    Diwali is celebrated in either October or November, depending on the Hindu lunar calendar.

  2. Is Diwali only celebrated in India?

    No, Diwali is celebrated by Indian communities worldwide and holds global significance.

  3. What are the eco-friendly alternatives to traditional firecrackers?

    Eco-friendly alternatives include using noiseless crackers, LED lights, and promoting noise-free celebrations.

  4. How does Diwali impact the economy?

    Diwali has a substantial economic impact as it boosts businesses, trade, and tourism.

  5. What is the spiritual significance of lighting lamps during Diwali?

    Lighting lamps symbolizes the victory of good over evil and the inner light of knowledge over darkness.