Why Do We Celebrate Diwali | What Is Diwali And How Is It Celebrated?

Why Do We Celebrate DiwaliWhy Do We Celebrate Diwali

Why Do We Celebrate Diwali: Diwali, also known as the “Festival of Lights,” is one of the most significant and widely celebrated festivals in India and various parts of the world. Rooted in Hindu mythology, this festival holds immense cultural, social, and spiritual significance. In this article, we delve into the origins of Diwali, its various customs and traditions, its impact on the environment, and the universal messages it conveys.

Diwali, derived from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali,” translates to “row of lights.” It usually falls in late October or early November, based on the Hindu lunar calendar. This grand festival spans five days, each with its unique observances and rituals.

The Origin of Diwali

The origin of Diwali can be traced back to ancient Indian scriptures, including the Ramayana and Mahabharata. One of the most popular narratives behind Diwali is the return of Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, to the kingdom of Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. The people of Ayodhya illuminated the entire city with earthen lamps, celebrating the triumphant return of their beloved prince.

The Significance of Diwali

Diwali is a time of joy, renewal, and the celebration of good over evil. It symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance. The festival represents the importance of righteousness, inner illumination, and the eradication of negativity from one’s life. Why Do We Celebrate Diwali.

Diwali Celebrations across India

Diwali is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor throughout India. The customs and traditions may vary from region to region, but the spirit of the festival remains the same.

Lighting Up with Diyas and Candles

One of the most iconic aspects of Diwali is the lighting of diyas (oil lamps) and candles. It signifies the triumph of light and goodness, dispelling darkness and negativity.

Decorating Homes with Rangoli

People decorate their homes with vibrant rangoli patterns at the entrance, welcoming guests and Hindu deities. Rangoli is an art form that adds a touch of beauty to the festivities.

Bursting Firecrackers

Firecrackers have become a controversial part of Diwali celebrations. While they add to the excitement, there are growing concerns about their environmental impact and safety hazards.

Exchanging Gifts and Sweets

Gifting is an integral part of Diwali. Friends and family exchange presents, and homes are filled with the aroma of traditional sweets and delicacies.

Performing Religious Rituals and Puja

During Diwali, people offer prayers and perform elaborate puja ceremonies to seek the blessings of deities for wealth, prosperity, and well-being.

Diwali Celebration in Different Cultures

The cultural diversity of India is reflected in the varied ways Diwali is celebrated across different regions.

North India

In North India, Diwali commemorates the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya, as mentioned in the Ramayana. Grand processions, musical performances, and fairs are organized during this time.

South India

In South India, Diwali is celebrated to honor Lord Krishna’s victory over the demon Narakasura. People light oil lamps and burst firecrackers to express their joy.

West India

In the western states, particularly in Gujarat, Diwali coincides with the New Year. The festival is marked by grand celebrations, including dance performances like Garba and Dandiya-Raas.

East India

In eastern India, Diwali is associated with the goddess Kali. The festival here is a more somber affair, with devotees seeking blessings from the fierce deity.

Diwali’s Global Presence

The charm of Diwali has transcended geographical boundaries, making it an internationally recognized festival.

Diwali in the Indian Diaspora

Indian communities settled abroad celebrate Diwali with unmatched enthusiasm, keeping their cultural heritage alive even in foreign lands.

Recognition by International Communities

Many countries with multicultural societies have embraced Diwali, acknowledging its message of hope, togetherness, and optimism.

The Spiritual Aspect of Diwali

Beyond the festivities, Diwali holds profound spiritual significance.

Triumph of Light Over Darkness

The lighting of diyas and lamps symbolizes the triumph of knowledge, wisdom, and righteousness over ignorance and darkness.

Symbolism of Diwali

The rituals and customs of Diwali have deep symbolic meanings that inspire people to introspect and strive for self-improvement.

Environmental Impact and Sustainable Celebrations

While Diwali is a joyous occasion, its traditional practices have raised environmental concerns.

The Issue of Firecrackers

Excessive use of firecrackers during Diwali contributes to air and noise pollution, posing health risks and harming the environment.

Eco-friendly Alternatives

Efforts are being made to promote eco-friendly celebrations, including using green crackers and advocating responsible firecracker usage.

Diwali and Interfaith Harmony

Diwali’s message of love and unity extends beyond the Hindu community.

Diwali as a Symbol of Unity

The festival fosters interfaith harmony, as people from different religious backgrounds join in the celebrations.

Celebration by Non-Hindu Communities

In some regions, non-Hindu communities also celebrate Diwali as a mark of cultural inclusivity and respect for diverse traditions.

Personal Stories and Experiences of Diwali

Diwali holds a special place in the hearts of many, and people cherish fond memories associated with the festival.


Why Do We Celebrate Diwali: In conclusion, Diwali is much more than a festival; it is a celebration of hope, knowledge, and the victory of good over evil. It unites communities, transcends borders, and spreads the message of joy and love. As we celebrate this auspicious occasion, let us also reflect on the importance of preserving our cultural heritage while being mindful of the impact our celebrations have on the environment. By embracing sustainable practices, we can ensure that the essence of Diwali remains alive for generations to come.

FAQs: Why Do We Celebrate Diwali

  1. What is the significance of Diwali in Hinduism?

    Diwali holds immense spiritual significance in Hinduism, signifying the triumph of light over darkness and the victory of good over evil.

  2. Is Diwali only celebrated in India?

    No, Diwali is celebrated not only in India but also in various countries where Indian communities reside.

  3. How can we celebrate an eco-friendly Diwali?

    To celebrate an eco-friendly Diwali, opt for sustainable practices such as using green firecrackers and minimizing waste.

  4. What is the duration of Diwali celebrations?

    Diwali is a five-day festival, with each day holding special customs and rituals.

  5. How does Diwali promote interfaith harmony?

    Diwali’s inclusive nature encourages people from different faiths to join in the celebrations, fostering a sense of unity and harmony.