Why Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day | Saint Patrick’s Day | History, Traditions, & Facts | Britannica

Why Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick's DayWhy Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick's Day

Why Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day: Saint Patrick’s Day, also known as the Feast of Saint Patrick, is a cultural and religious celebration that takes place annually on March 17th. This day honors Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, who is credited with bringing Christianity to the Irish people. What began as a religious observance has now transformed into a global celebration of Irish culture and heritage. In this article, we will delve into the history and significance of Saint Patrick’s Day, the traditions associated with the celebration, and why it is embraced by people around the world.

1. The History of Saint Patrick’s Day

The Life of Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick, whose birth name was Maewyn Succat, was born in Roman Britain in the late 4th century. At the age of 16, he was captured by Irish pirates and taken to Ireland as a slave. During his captivity, he turned to Christianity for solace and strength. After escaping and returning to his family, he felt a deep calling to spread Christianity to the Irish people.

The Spread of Christianity in Ireland

Saint Patrick returned to Ireland as a missionary and dedicated his life to converting the Irish to Christianity. He is said to have used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the concept of the Holy Trinity, which became a significant symbol associated with him.

2. The Evolution of Saint Patrick’s Day Celebrations

Establishment as a Feast Day

Saint Patrick’s Day was initially recognized as a feast day by the Catholic Church in the early 17th century. It was a time for people to attend church, reflect on Saint Patrick’s teachings, and offer prayers.

Global Recognition and Traditions

Over the years, Irish immigrants took the celebration of Saint Patrick’s Day to other parts of the world. Today, it is celebrated in various countries with colorful parades, festivals, and Irish-themed events. Wearing green clothing, adorning shamrocks, and enjoying traditional Irish foods and drinks have become common customs. Why Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day.

3. Saint Patrick’s Day Traditions

The Wearing of Green

Green is the dominant color associated with Saint Patrick’s Day. People across the globe wear green clothing and accessories as a way to symbolize Irish pride and to honor the lush green landscape of Ireland.

Parades and Festivals

Cities worldwide host vibrant parades and festivals on Saint Patrick’s Day. These events feature marching bands, dancers, elaborate floats, and various community groups coming together to celebrate Irish culture.

Shamrocks and Leprechauns

Shamrocks, which are three-leafed clovers, hold special significance on this day. It is believed that Saint Patrick used the shamrock to explain the concept of the Holy Trinity. Additionally, the mischievous leprechaun, a mythical creature from Irish folklore, is often associated with the celebration.

4. Saint Patrick’s Day Around the World

United States

The United States has embraced Saint Patrick’s Day with enthusiasm. Major cities like New York, Chicago, and Boston host massive parades that attract thousands of spectators. Iconic landmarks, such as the Empire State Building, are illuminated in green to mark the occasion.


In Ireland, Saint Patrick’s Day is a national holiday and a time for religious observance. Families attend church services, and many businesses and schools close for the day. The city of Dublin holds a grand parade, and festivities continue throughout the week.

International Celebrations

Beyond Ireland and the United States, numerous countries worldwide join the festivities. Cities in Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and even Asia and South America host their own celebrations, reflecting the global appeal of Irish culture.


Why Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day: Saint Patrick’s Day is a joyous celebration that honors the legacy of Saint Patrick and celebrates the rich culture and heritage of Ireland. From its humble beginnings as a religious feast day to becoming a global phenomenon, the day has evolved while retaining its core values of faith, unity, and cultural pride. So, whether you have Irish ancestry or not, March 17th provides an opportunity for people from all walks of life to come together, wear green, and celebrate the spirit of Saint Patrick.

FAQs: Why Do We Celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day

  1. What is the significance of wearing green on Saint Patrick’s Day?

    Wearing green is a symbol of Irish pride and pays tribute to the lush green landscape of Ireland.

  2. Why is the shamrock associated with Saint Patrick’s Day?

    Saint Patrick used the shamrock to explain the concept of the Holy Trinity to the Irish people.

  3. Are there any religious observances on Saint Patrick’s Day?

    Yes, in Ireland, Saint Patrick’s Day is a time for religious observance, with many families attending church services.

  4. How do people celebrate Saint Patrick’s Day in the United States?

    In the United States, cities host grand parades, and iconic landmarks are illuminated in green to mark the occasion.

  5. Is Saint Patrick’s Day celebrated only in Ireland?

    No, Saint Patrick’s Day is celebrated worldwide, with festivities taking place in numerous countries to celebrate Irish culture.