Why Do We Celebrate St David’s Day | St. David’s Day 2023: History & Significance, Quotes

Why Do We Celebrate St David's DayWhy Do We Celebrate St David's Day

Why Do We Celebrate St David’s Day: St. David’s Day, observed on the 1st of March every year, is a significant cultural and national celebration in Wales, honoring the life and contributions of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales. This special day brings together communities across the country and is a proud moment for the Welsh people to celebrate their heritage and traditions. In this article, we will explore the history, customs, and significance of St. David’s Day, shedding light on the reasons why it is cherished and celebrated with immense joy and pride.

1. Who Was Saint David?

Early Life and Legend

The celebrations on St. David’s Day are dedicated to Saint David, also known as Dewi Sant in Welsh. He was a revered figure, born in the late 5th century, and played a vital role in spreading Christianity in Wales. The legends surrounding his life tell of his miraculous deeds, such as raising the ground on which he stood during a sermon so that everyone could witness him clearly.

Patron Saint of Wales

Saint David’s dedication to his faith and his contributions to the Welsh people earned him the title of the patron saint of Wales. His influence and spiritual teachings left a lasting impact on the nation, making him an iconic and respected figure in Welsh history.

2. The History of St. David’s Day Celebrations

Early Observations

The observance of St. David’s Day dates back centuries, with the first celebrations believed to have started shortly after his death. These early commemorations were more somber, focusing on religious services and pilgrimage to Saint David’s final resting place.

Modern-Day Celebrations

Over time, the celebrations evolved, embracing a more festive and joyous atmosphere. Today, St. David’s Day is marked with parades, concerts, traditional dances, and the display of the national emblems, such as daffodils and leeks, which have become symbols of Wales. Why Do We Celebrate St David’s Day.

Customs and Traditions

Daffodils and Leeks

Daffodils and leeks hold special significance on St. David’s Day. People proudly wear them as symbols of their Welsh identity. The leek has historical roots in Welsh folklore, representing a victory against the Saxons in ancient times, while the daffodil is believed to have been chosen as a national emblem due to its vibrant appearance during early spring.

Eisteddfod Festivals

Eisteddfod festivals are a prominent part of St. David’s Day celebrations. These festivals are a showcase of Welsh culture, featuring competitions in music, poetry, and various artistic expressions. The National Eisteddfod of Wales is the most prestigious of these events and attracts participants and spectators from all over the country.

4. Regional Variations

Differences in Celebrations

While St. David’s Day is celebrated nationwide, there are regional variations in customs and traditions. Each community adds its unique touch to the festivities, making it a diverse and inclusive occasion that brings people together from all walks of life.

5. St. David’s Day Today

A Day of National Pride

St. David’s Day remains a day of immense national pride for the people of Wales. It serves as a reminder of their rich cultural heritage and the values Saint David stood for – unity, kindness, and faith.

Preserving Welsh Identity

The celebrations play a crucial role in preserving and promoting Welsh identity, passing down traditions, and instilling a sense of belonging in the younger generations.


Why Do We Celebrate St David’s Day: St. David’s Day is more than just a celebration; it is an embodiment of Welsh spirit and unity. The honoring of Saint David’s legacy and the commemoration of Wales’ rich heritage make this day an occasion of immense significance. As the Welsh proudly don their daffodils and leeks, take part in Eisteddfod festivals, and unite in merriment, they continue to cherish the essence of their nation’s cultural tapestry.

FAQs: Why Do We Celebrate St David’s Day

  1. What is the significance of the leek on St. David’s Day?

    The leek is a symbol of victory and Welsh identity, harking back to ancient battles against the Saxons.

  2. Why is the daffodil associated with Wales?

    The daffodil’s appearance during early spring made it a natural choice as a national emblem, representing hope and renewal.

  3. How is St. David’s Day celebrated outside of Wales?

    St. David’s Day is celebrated by Welsh communities worldwide, with gatherings, cultural events, and food festivals.

  4. What does Eisteddfod mean?

    Eisteddfod is a Welsh word that translates to “sitting” and refers to a festival of literature, music, and performance arts.

  5. Is St. David’s Day a public holiday in Wales?

    While it is not a public holiday, St. David’s Day is widely celebrated across Wales, and many schools and businesses hold special events to mark the occasion.